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The Dalmatian is highly active and intelligent. As a former circus performer, he’s great at learning tricks and loves to show off his talents.

Overall Status

Height 19 to 23 inches at the shoulder
Temperament Dignified, Smart, Outgoing
Weight 45 to 70 pounds
Life Expectancy 10 to 13 years
Coat Color Black, Brown, White
Barking Level Medium

Quick Factors

Dog Friendly
Exercise Need
Grooming Needs
Strangers Friendly
Family Affectionate
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Daily Care

Grooming Tips Exercise Tips Feeding Tips Health Tips Trainability

The Dalmatian’s short, fine, velvety-smooth coat is easy to groom. Brush it several times a week with a bristle brush, rubber curry brush, hound mitt, or pumice stone to strip out the dead hair and keep the coat gleaming.

On the down side, the coat sheds day and night according to many experienced Dalmatian owners. Be prepared to live with dog hair if you choose this breed.

The rest is basic care. Trim the nails as needed, usually every few weeks. Keep the hanging ears clean and dry to prevent bacterial or yeast infections from setting in. Brush the teeth frequently for good overall health and fresh breath.

The Dalmatian as a high-exercise dog. With strength and endurance, this breed will be capable of handling nearly any exercise you throw at it within reason.

They can outlast many humans when it’s time to visit the park and enjoy getting frequent walks. Making sure your dog gets plenty of exercises is critical in maintaining a balanced personality, so make sure that you don’t neglect a Dalmatian’s exercise requirements.

As far as extra exercises,Dalmatiansare capable of a lot, which is partially the reason they’re used in more advanced scenarios such as firefighting and in dog shows.

Dalmatians do not have many stringent needs when it comes to their diet. As avid exercisers, this breed can work up an appetite but should be fed accordingly in order to create a lean, healthy look. Dalmatians should not be fed processed foods or foods meant for human consumption.

If your Dalmatian came from a reputable breeder, you will have a record of genetic health testing done on the parents. Deafness is present in the breed, andresponsible breederswill have had the parents tested and will have entire litters tested to be certain that all can hear.

A unilaterally hearing dog (deaf in one ear) can usually lead a fairly normal life; a bilaterally (both sides) deaf dog often cannot and will require special considerations.

Kidney stones are also present in Dals. Your breeder or vet can tell you what you should feed to avoid the problem. Usually quite healthy, Dalmatians aren’t picky eaters and don’t require a lot of supplements to keep them looking fit.

Because Dalmatians are frequently used in fire fighting, there’s no doubt about its responsiveness to training. A good trainer can get a Dalmatian to act well-behaved and assertive but never overly-aggressive.

Like many assertive animals, a Dalmatian can generally be more assertive in the presence of a weak or submissive trainer or dog owner. For this reason, it’s especially important to be assertive and in command around a Dalmatian. This dog breed that understands its role can get along very well with other animals in your home.


The true origin of the Dalmatian is unknown, although it is believed to have originated in India. The modern Dalmatian, notwithstanding his name, however, was developed in Great Britain. While some Dalmatians were used for hunting, the breed’s primary purpose was as a coach dog.

Coach dogs were by no means ornamental - they were there to guard the passengers and property in the coach. Because of their affinity for horses, it was natural for the Dalmatian to follow horse-drawn fire engines.

Many fire departments are still graced by a Dalmatian mascot who guards the firehouse and helps educate children about fire safety. Dalmatians have been in this country since its founding, with George Washington being the most well known early breeder.

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